Image Source: http://www.philipvaughan.net

Philip Vaughan is an amazing American Artist who Paints and Designs sculptures for public places.

He describes his work as “hidden geometry”, and in the picture above he has expanded out metal into spheres by making many geometric fractions which he has joined together and then added specialised lighting.

This lesson on Expanding Quotients involves fractions, dividing and expanding, but in a slightly different form to Philip’s work.

The word “Quotient” means one value divided by another value.

The Quotient expression can be written as either a Fraction, or as one item divided by another using a “divided by” sign.

Review of Expanding Products Rule

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When expanding exponent products, we need to apply the power outside the brackets, onto every item inside the brackets.

The “Expanding Quotients Rule” is basically the same as the Products Rule, except that we are distributing the outside brackets power onto all items that are present in a Fraction.

Expanding Quotients – The Long Way

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In the above examples we needed to multiply out the Top and Bottom of the given fraction three times.

We multiplied three times because we had a power of three outside the brackets.

If we look carefully we can see a pattern occurred from intitial brackets term, to the final expanded fraction without brackets.

The pattern, or shortcut, we can use is to apply the power outside the brackets, onto every item inside the brackets.

This shortcut is called the “Expanding Quotients” Rule, or the “Power of a Quotient” Rule.

Expanding Exponent Quotients Rule

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Expanding Quotients Videos

The following videos explain the Expanding Quotients Rule, and show some examples of how to apply it to Bracketed Exponent Expressions.

The following excellent video from “Math Scribble” is about normal dividing of exponents; then 1 minute 42 seconds into the video covers

Power of a Quotient Rule.

The following video reviews the Products Rule, then at 1 minute 45 seconds into the video covers the Expanding Quotients Rule.

Expanding Quotients – EXAMPLES

The following examples show how to apply the Expanding Quotients Rule to both numbers and letter variables in bracketed expressions.

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Because the expanded numbers would create a large numerical answer, we usually leave the answer in Index Form, rather than working out the actual number value.

Image Copyright 2013 by Passy’s World of Mathematics

Image Copyright 2013 by Passy’s World of Mathematics

Image Copyright 2013 by Passy’s World of Mathematics

Quotient Rule Backwards for Simplifying

We can use the reverse of the Quotient Rule to combine two different bases, THAT ARE BOTH TO THE SAME POWER, into a single bracketed item.

The two different bases can be: two numbers, a number and a letter, or two letters; however it is required that both items are raised to the exact same Power.

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Quotient Rule Backwards – EXAMPLES

Using the Quotient Rule backwards is fairly easy, just look for a Fraction that has the Top and Bottom items both raised to the exact same power.

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Related Items

Indices and Exponents in the Real World

Basic Indices and Exponents

Multiplying Exponents

Dividing Algebra Expressions

Dividing Exponents Using Subtraction Rule

Power of Power Exponents Rule

Expanding Exponent Products

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